MOF-Derived CoS2/N-Doped Carbon Composite to Induce Short-Chain Sulfur Molecule Generation for Enhanced Sodium-Sulfur Battery Performance

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

4 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18010–18020
Journal / PublicationACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume13
Issue number15
Online published6 Apr 2021
Publication statusPublished - 21 Apr 2021

Abstract

Dissolution of intermediate sodium polysulfides (Na2Sx; 4≤x≤8) is a crucial obstacle for the development of room-temperature sodium-sulfur (Na-S) batteries. One promising strategy to avoid this issue is to load short-chain sulfur (S2-4), which could prohibit the generation of soluble polysulfides during the sodiation process. Herein, unlike in the previous reported cases where short-chain sulfur was stored by confinement within a small-pore-size (≤0.5 nm) carbon host, we report a new strategy to generate short-chain sulfur in larger pores (>0.5 nm) by the synergistic catalytic effect of CoS2 and appropriate pore size. Based on density functional theory calculations, we predict that CoS2 can serve as a catalyst to weaken the S-S bond in the S8 ring structure, facilitating the formation of short-chain sulfur molecules. By experimentally tuning the pore size of the CoS2-based hosts and comparing their performances as cathodes in Na-S and Li-S batteries, we conclude that such a catalytic effect depends on the proximity of sulfur to CoS2. This avoids the generation of soluble polysulfides and results in superior electrochemical properties of the composite materials introduced here for Na-S batteries. As a result, the optimized CoS2/N-doped carbon/S electrode showed excellent electrochemical performance with high reversible specific capacities of 488 mA h g-1 (962 mA h g(s)-1) after 100 cycles (0.1 A g-1) and 403 mA h g-1 after 1000 cycles (1 A g-1) with a superior rate performance (262 mA h g-1 at 5.0 A g-1).

Research Area(s)

  • catalytic activity, cobalt disulfide, metal-organic frameworks, Room-temperature sodium-sulfur battery, short-chain sulfur molecules

Citation Format(s)

MOF-Derived CoS2/N-Doped Carbon Composite to Induce Short-Chain Sulfur Molecule Generation for Enhanced Sodium-Sulfur Battery Performance. / Xiao, Fengping; Wang, Hongkang; Yao, Tianhao; Zhao, Xin; Yang, Xuming; Yu, Denis Y. W.; Rogach, Andrey L.

In: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, Vol. 13, No. 15, 21.04.2021, p. 18010–18020.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review