Modulation Scheme for Five-Phase Electric Machines with Nonlinear Optimization to Improve Voltage Limit Performance

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Original languageEnglish
Journal / PublicationIEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics
Online published14 Nov 2022
Publication statusOnline published - 14 Nov 2022


Five-phase electric machines include an αβ-space and a xy-space, which should be simultaneously considered when designing the machine controller. This article proposes a unique modulation scheme based on nonlinear optimization to synthesize control voltages in both spaces. The advantage of the proposed scheme is to eliminate the influence of the modulation process in the xy-space on that in the αβ-space. Thereby, the torque output can be guaranteed firstly when DC bus voltage is limited. The proposed modulation scheme follows a two-step mechanism. First, the synthesis of αβ-space control voltages is guaranteed, and the action time constraints of the basic control voltage vectors are determined. Second, the synthesis of xy-space control voltages is realized with an objective function. By minimizing the objective function according to the action time constraints with the Karush-Kuhn-Tucker approach, the optimal action time is calculated, and the duty cycle of the inverter is obtained. Experimental results have been presented to verify the performance improvement of the proposed method. © IEEE

Research Area(s)

  • Electric machine, Electric machines, five-phase, Harmonic analysis, Karush- Kuhn-Tucker, Modulation, modulation, nonlinear optimization, Optimization, Torque, Voltage, Voltage control