Modelling repeated insurance claim frequency data using the generalized linear mixed model

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)857-865
Journal / PublicationJournal of Applied Statistics
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2003


Most of the methods used to estimate claim frequency rates in general insurance have assumed that data are independent. However, it is not uncommon for information stored in the database of an insurance company to contain previous years' claim data from each policyholder. We consider the application of the generalized linear mixed model approach to the analysis of repeated insurance claim frequency data in which a conditionally fixed random effect vector is incorporated explicitly into the linear predictor to model the inherent correlation. A motor insurance data set is used as the basis for simulation to demonstrate the advantages of the method. Ignoring the underlying association for observations within the same policyholder results in an underestimation of the standard error of the parameter estimates and a remarkable reduction in the prediction accuracy. The method provides a viable alternative for incorporating repeated claim experience that enables the revision of rates in general insurance.