Modeling the pH effect on sulfidogenesis inanaerobic sewer biofilm

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175-185
Journal / PublicationWater Research
Volume49
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2014
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

Wastewater pH affects the transfer of H2S from liquid to gas and hence impacts on the extent of odour and corrosion. Sewage pH may change significantly in sewer networks due to, for example, the fermentation of organic compounds, particularly when the hydraulic retention time is long, the discharge of trade wastes that are organic-rich or with extreme pH, and the intentional addition of alkali to raise the sewage pH. Such a variation of pH is expected to affect sulfate reduction by sewer biofilms. In this work, experimental studies were carried out to reveal the detailed effects of pH on sulfidogenesis by anaerobic sewer biofilms developed in a laboratory sewer reactor fed with real sewage, and the potential causes for the inhibitory effects observed under both high and low pH conditions. The data clearly showed that the sewer biofilm had the highest sulfate reduction rate at around neutral pH (6.5-7.5), and the activity decreased when pH was higher or lower. The data also suggested that the inhibiting effect at a higher pH is likely due to the inhibitory effects of free ammonia, while at a lower pH it is more likely due to the pH itself. An inhibition model formulated based on the above hypotheses was able to adequately describe the measured sulfide production rates under different pH levels and different free ammonia concentrations, as well as data previously reported in literature. The calibrated model was used to simulate sulfide production in a sewer network receiving alkali dosage. The model adequately predicted sulfide production in the network, which could not be achieved with a model not considering the pH effect. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

Research Area(s)

  • Inhibition, Modeling, PH, Sewer biofilm, Sulfide production

Bibliographic Note

Publication details (e.g. title, author(s), publication statuses and dates) are captured on an “AS IS” and “AS AVAILABLE” basis at the time of record harvesting from the data source. Suggestions for further amendments or supplementary information can be sent to lbscholars@cityu.edu.hk.

Citation Format(s)

Modeling the pH effect on sulfidogenesis inanaerobic sewer biofilm. / Sharma, Keshab; Derlon, Nicolas; Hu, Shihu et al.
In: Water Research, Vol. 49, 01.02.2014, p. 175-185.

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review