Modeling of void fraction covariance and relative velocity covariance for upward boiling flow in vertical pipe

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

11 Scopus Citations
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Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)620-629
Journal / PublicationInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Volume112
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

Drift-flux parameters have been often used to formulate one-dimensional interfacial drag force in dispersed two-phase flow, which is one of key parameters to predict void fraction using one-dimensional thermal-hydraulic codes. This approach is called “Andersen approach”, which has been widely used in one-dimensional nuclear thermal-hydraulic system analysis codes such as TRACE, RELAP5 and TRAC-BF1. However, the current formulation of one-dimensional interfacial drag force ignores important void fraction covariance and relative velocity covariance when local interfacial drag force is converted to one-dimensional interfacial drag force. The impact of neglecting void fraction covariance and relative velocity covariance on one-dimensional interfacial drag force and relative velocity has been discussed in detail. In view of the importance of the drift-flux parameters, void fraction covariance and relative velocity covariance on one-dimensional formulation of the interfacial drag force, three constitutive equations have been developed for upward boiling two-phase flow in a vertical pipe. The validity of the modeled void fraction covariance and relative velocity covariance for subcooled and bulk boiling flow in a vertical pipe has been verified by boiling R12 data taken in a vertical pipe with the diameter of 19.2 mm under the pressure simulating prototypic nuclear reactor thermal-hydraulic conditions. The correlation of void fraction covariance agrees with the boiling flow data in the vertical pipe with the mean absolute error, standard deviation, mean relative deviation and mean absolute relative deviation being 0.828, 3.43, 10.3% and 33.5%, respectively. The correlation of relative velocity covariance agrees with the boiling flow data in the vertical pipe with the mean absolute error, standard deviation, mean relative deviation and mean absolute relative deviation being −0.00394, 0.0663, −0.184% and 5.11%, respectively. Due to the great importance of the void fraction covariance and relative velocity covariance on one-dimensional interfacial drag force formulation, it is highly recommended to include the void fraction covariance and relative velocity covariance in the one-dimensional formulation of the interfacial drag force used in nuclear thermal-hydraulic system analysis codes.

Research Area(s)

  • Covariance, Drift-flux model, Interfacial drag, Round pipe, Void fraction

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