Modeling and analysis of domino effect in petrochemical storage tank farms under the synergistic effect of explosion and fire

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

8 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • Xiaofeng Li
  • Guohua Chen
  • Paul Amyotte
  • Mohammad Alauddin
  • Faisal Khan

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)706-715
Journal / PublicationProcess Safety and Environmental Protection
Volume176
Online published22 Jun 2023
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2023
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

The synergistic effect of explosion and fire (SEEF) is one of the challenges of domino effect risk assessment for petrochemical storage tank farms. However, the domino effect probabilities at different orders and accident propagation patterns in storage tank farms under the SEEF are still unclear. An approach based on Bayesian networks is developed to model the propagation of domino effects in storage tank farms under the SEEF. The method accounts for the temporal and spatial synergistic effects of blast wave and fire thermal radiation in multiple accidents during domino accident escalation and the damage enhancement effect caused by the SEEF on the target units. Application of the method to a real tank farm highlights that the SEEF has a significant impact on the domino effect probabilities. Compared with only considering a single accident type, the SEEF leads to an increase in the domino effect probabilities of the tank farm. Installing water deluge systems and blast walls for all tanks at the same time is an effective safety measure to mitigate domino effects due to the SEEF. When safety resources are limited, the priority to equip critical tanks with water deluge systems and blast walls can also mitigate the domino effects.

© 2023 Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of Institution of Chemical Engineers.

Research Area(s)

  • Bayesian network, Blast wave, Domino effect, Fire thermal radiation, Probability analysis, Synergistic effect

Citation Format(s)

Modeling and analysis of domino effect in petrochemical storage tank farms under the synergistic effect of explosion and fire. / Li, Xiaofeng; Chen, Guohua; Amyotte, Paul et al.
In: Process Safety and Environmental Protection, Vol. 176, 08.2023, p. 706-715.

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review