Modal Identification Technologies for High-Rise Buildings Under Non-Stationary Excitations

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

3 Scopus Citations
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Original languageEnglish
Article number2250104
Journal / PublicationInternational Journal of Structural Stability and Dynamics
Issue number9
Online published16 Mar 2022
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2022


For high-rise buildings subjected to typhoon or earthquake actions, the excitations are likely non-stationary, which inevitably violates the stationary assumption that is generally adopted by conventional modal identification methods. Under such a condition, conventional modal identification methods may not be applicable, and their performances need to be evaluated. To this end, the performances of seven widely used modal identification algorithms for structural modal estimation under non-stationary excitations are evaluated via a numerical simulation study. Then, three methods with good performance are selected to evaluate their applicability and accuracy for field measurements involving non-stationary excitations. From the comparative study, a time-frequency domain method with the best performance among these seven methods is employed to investigate the structural dynamic properties of a 509-m-tall skyscraper under typhoon and earthquake excitations. Based on the reliable modal estimates, the relationships between the modal properties with response amplitude and environmental temperature are presented and discussed. This paper aims to identify the effective methods for accurate estimation of structural modal parameters based on non-stationary structural responses and investigate the structural dynamic properties of high-rise buildings under typhoon and earthquake excitations.

Research Area(s)

  • dynamic response, field measurement, High-rise building, modal identification, non-stationary excitation