Min-Max Metric for Spectrally Compatible Waveform Design Via Log-Exponential Smoothing

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1075-1090
Journal / PublicationIEEE Transactions on Signal Processing
Online published23 Jan 2020
Publication statusPublished - 2020


To ensure the proper functioning of active sensing systems in the presence of interferences from other electromagnetic equipment in a spectrally crowded environment, we devise four new solutions for spectrally compatible waveform design based on the min-max metric, namely, minimum modulus dynamic range, min-max spectral shape, minimum weighted peak sidelobe level, and minimum similarity. To address the resultant nonconvex and nonsmooth optimization problems, a unified algorithm framework is proposed. That is, we first approximate the min-max metric by using the “log-exponential smoothing” technique, then apply the majorization-minimization technique to smooth and simplify the approximate optimization formulations, and finally use the Karush-Kuhn-Tucker theory to tackle the majorized problems. Besides, we develop an adaptive approximation parameter selection scheme, which can monotonically decrease the approximation error at each iteration. The proposed algorithms are computationally efficient as they can be realized via fast Fourier transform. Finally, numerical examples are presented to demonstrate their excellent performance.

Research Area(s)

  • amplitude dynamic range, constant modulus, majorization minimization, peak sidelobe level, Spectrally compatible waveform design