Microstructure and mechanical property evaluation of pulsed DC magnetron sputtered Cr-B and Cr-B-N films

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

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Author(s)

  • Chih-Hong Cheng
  • Jyh-Wei Lee
  • Li-Wei Ho
  • Hsien-Wei Chen
  • Yu-Chen Chan
  • And 1 others
  • Jenq-Gong Duh

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1711-1719
Journal / PublicationSurface and Coatings Technology
Volume206
Issue number7
Online published2 Oct 2011
Publication statusPublished - 25 Dec 2011
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

CrB2 and four Cr-B-N films with high Cr/B ratio and various nitrogen contents were deposited by a co-sputtering process using a bipolar asymmetric pulsed DC reactive magnetron sputtering system. The structures and BN bonding nature of the thin films were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), respectively. The surface and cross sectional morphologies of the thin films were examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The surface roughness of the thin films was explored by atomic force microscopy (AFM). Nanoindentation, microscratch and ball-on-disk wear techniques were used to evaluate the hardness, and tribological properties of the thin films, respectively.The microstructure of the Cr-B-N thin films changed from a coarse columnar structure to a glassy and featureless morphology as the nitrogen content increased from 15.2at.% to 54.5at.%, whereas the corresponding structure developed from an amorphous state to a nanocomposite structure consisting of CrN nanograins and amorphous BN phases. It was found that high hardness, good tribological and brittle properties were obtained for the CrB2 coating. The hardness and elastic modulus of the Cr-B-N thin films decreased with increasing nitrogen content until the nanocomposite structure of nanocrystalline CrN grains and an amorphous BN matrix was formed. However, the hardening effect induced by the nanocomposite structure was limited due to the fact that the small CrN nanograins were surrounded by a thick intergranular soft amorphous BN layer. On the other hand, the fracture toughness and resistance against elastic strain to failure of the Cr-B-N coatings were effectively enhanced by the addition of nitrogen.

Research Area(s)

  • Ball-on-disk wear, Cr-B-N thin film, CrB thin film, Fracture toughness, Microscratch, Pulsed DC reactive magnetron sputtering

Citation Format(s)

Microstructure and mechanical property evaluation of pulsed DC magnetron sputtered Cr-B and Cr-B-N films. / Cheng, Chih-Hong; Lee, Jyh-Wei; Ho, Li-Wei; Chen, Hsien-Wei; Chan, Yu-Chen; Duh, Jenq-Gong.

In: Surface and Coatings Technology, Vol. 206, No. 7, 25.12.2011, p. 1711-1719.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal