Microstructural evolution in NiTi alloy subjected to surface mechanical attrition treatment and mechanism

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

25 Scopus Citations
View graph of relations

Author(s)

  • T. Hu
  • C. L. Chu
  • S. L. Wu
  • R. Z. Xu
  • G. Y. Sun
  • T. F. Hung
  • K. W K Yeung
  • Z. W. Wu
  • G. Y. Li

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1136-1145
Journal / PublicationIntermetallics
Volume19
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2011

Abstract

Both nanocrystalline and amorphous phases are observed from the near surface of nickel titanium shape memory alloy (NiTi SMA) with the B2 austenite phase after surface mechanical attrition treatment (SMAT). The microstructure and phase changes are systematically studied by cross-sectional and plane-view transmission electron microscopy. The strain induces grain refinement and it is accompanied by increased strain in the surface layer triggering the onset of highly dense dislocations and dislocation tangles (DTs), formation of the martensite plate via stress-induced martensite (SIM) transformation (B2 to B19′), and dislocation lines (DLs) as well as dense dislocation walls (DDWs) inside the martensite plate leading to the subdivision of the martensite plate. In addition, reverse martensite transformation (B19′ to B2) and amorphization take place concurrently in the surface region, and successive subdivision and amorphization finally result in the formation of well separated nanocrystalline and amorphous phases in the near surface. The average grain size of the nanocrystallites is about 20 nm. Owing to the almost complete reverse martensite transformation as well as thermal stability, the strain-induced nanocrystalline structure has the B2 austenite phase in the surface layer and no transformation occurs. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Research Area(s)

  • A. Nanostructured intermetallic, B. Phase transformation, B. Plastic deformation mechanisms, D. Grain boundaries, F. Transmission electron microscopy

Citation Format(s)

Microstructural evolution in NiTi alloy subjected to surface mechanical attrition treatment and mechanism. / Hu, T.; Chu, C. L.; Wu, S. L.; Xu, R. Z.; Sun, G. Y.; Hung, T. F.; Yeung, K. W K; Wu, Z. W.; Li, G. Y.; Chu, Paul K.

In: Intermetallics, Vol. 19, No. 8, 08.2011, p. 1136-1145.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review