microRNA exchange via extracellular vesicles in cancer

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere12877
Journal / PublicationCell Proliferation
Volume53
Issue number11
Online published6 Oct 2020
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2020

Link(s)

Abstract

Cells utilize different means of inter-cellular communication to function properly. Here, we review the crosstalk between cancer cells and their surrounding environment through microRNA (miRNA)-containing extracellular vesicles (EVs). The current findings suggest that the export of miRNAs and uptake of miRNA-containing EVs might be an active process. As post-transcriptional regulators of gene expression, cancer-derived miRNAs that are taken up by normal cells can change the translational profile of the recipient cell towards a transformed proteome. Stromal cells can also deliver miRNAs via EVs to cancer cells to support tumour growth and cancer progression. Therefore, gaining a better understanding of EV-mediated inter-cellular communication in the tumour microenvironment might lead to the development of novel diagnostic and therapeutic strategies.

Research Area(s)

  • cancer biology, extracellular vesicles, microRNAs, tumour microenvironment

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