Microplastic pollution in China's inland water systems : A review of findings, methods, characteristics, effects, and management

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

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Author(s)

  • Huahong Shi
  • Jinping Peng
  • Yinghui Wang
  • Xiong Xiong
  • Chenxi Wu

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1641-1653
Journal / PublicationScience of the Total Environment
Volume630
Online published20 Mar 2018
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2018

Conference

TitleCOST Action TD1407 Workshop on Environmental Concentrations, Cycling and Modeling of Technology Critical Elements
PlaceIsrael
CityRehovot
Period18 - 19 January 2017

Abstract

The pollution of marine environments and inland waters by plastic debris has raised increasing concerns worldwide in recent years. China is the world's largest developing country and the largest plastic producer. In this review, we gather available information on microplastic pollution in China's inland water systems. The results show that microplastics are ubiquitous in the investigated inland water systems, and high microplastic abundances were observed in developed areas. Although similar sampling and analytical methods were used for microplastic research in inland water and marine systems, methods of investigation should be standardized in the future. The characteristics of the detected microplastics suggest secondary sources as their major sources. The biological and ecological effects of microplastics have been demonstrated, but their risks are difficult to determine at this stage due to the discrepancy between the field-collected microplastics and microplastics used in ecotoxicological studies. Although many laws and regulations have already been established to manage and control plastic waste in China, the implementation of these laws and regulations has been ineffective and sometimes difficult. Several research priorities are identified, and we suggest that the Chinese government should be more proactive in tackling plastic pollution problems to protect the environment and fulfill international responsibilities.

Research Area(s)

  • Microplastics, Inland water, Sources, Management, China, ATLANTIC SUBTROPICAL GYRE, SMALL PLASTIC DEBRIS, 3 GORGES RESERVOIR, MARINE-ENVIRONMENT, SURFACE WATERS, AQUATIC ENVIRONMENT, ATMOSPHERIC FALLOUT, SYNTHETIC-FIBERS, RIVER SEDIMENTS, SINKING RATES

Citation Format(s)

Microplastic pollution in China's inland water systems : A review of findings, methods, characteristics, effects, and management. / Zhang, Kai; Shi, Huahong; Peng, Jinping; Wang, Yinghui; Xiong, Xiong; Wu, Chenxi; Lam, Paul K.S.

In: Science of the Total Environment, Vol. 630, 15.07.2018, p. 1641-1653.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal