Microbial Fuel Cells : Nanomaterials Based on Anode and Their Application

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Article number2000206
Journal / PublicationEnergy Technology
Issue number9
Online published6 Jul 2020
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2020


Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) exhibit great potential to generate power through organic wastewater treatment. Limitations have restricted the advanced development of MFCs, including low power density, expensive electrode materials, and the challenge to manufacture MFCs in large scale. However, the introduction of advanced anode materials, especially porous and nanostructured materials, is believed to be an effective way to solve the problems, as they can promote bacteria extracellular electron transfer (EET) because of their unique physical, chemical, and electrical properties. Nanostructured materials, including carbon nanotubes (CNTs), graphene, activated carbon fiber, metal, metal oxides and conductive polymers, show many appreciable properties such as good conductivity, large specific surface area, and excellent catalytic activity. Additionally, nanomaterials with unique electrochemical properties provide strong charge interactions with organic compounds and the direct electrochemistry process between bacteria and the anode. This Review comprehensively focuses on the recent development of modification of nanostructured anode materials in view of crucial intrinsic factors to enhance electricity output. Furthermore, the enhanced performance of MFCs and the corresponding known mechanism is also discussed, which enables active bacteria to facilitate electron transfer. Finally, promising strategies to modify anode nanomaterials for future research are presented.

Research Area(s)

  • microbial fuel cells, nanomaterials, nanostructured anode materials

Citation Format(s)

Microbial Fuel Cells: Nanomaterials Based on Anode and Their Application. / Liu, Yuanfeng; Zhang, Xiuling; Zhang, Qichun et al.
In: Energy Technology, Vol. 8, No. 9, 2000206, 09.2020.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review