Microbial community structure and function of Nitrobenzene reduction biocathode in response to carbon source switchover

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Bin Liang
  • Haoyi Cheng
  • Joy D. Van Nostrand
  • Jincai Ma
  • Hao Yu
  • Deyong Kong
  • Wenzong Liu
  • Nanqi Ren
  • Liyou Wu
  • Aijie Wang
  • Jizhong Zhou

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-148
Journal / PublicationWater Research
Volume54
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2014
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

The stress of poised cathode potential condition and carbon source switchover for functional biocathode microbial community influences is poorly understood. Using high-throughput functional gene array (GeoChip v4.2) and Illumina 16S rRNA gene MiSeq sequencing, we investigated the phylogenetic and functional microbial community of the initial inoculum and biocathode for bioelectrochemical reduction of nitrobenzene to less toxic aniline in response to carbon source switchover (from organic glucose to inorganic bicarbonate). Selective transformation of nitrobenzene to aniline maintained in the bicarbonate fed biocathode although nitrobenzene reduction rate and aniline formation rate were significantly decreased compared to those of the glucose-fed biocathode. When the electrical circuit of the glucose-fed biocathode was disconnected, both rates of nitrobenzene reduction and of aniline formation were markedly decreased, confirming the essential role of an applied electric field for the enhancement of nitrobenzene reduction. The stress of poised cathode potential condition led to clear succession of microbial communities from the initial inoculum to biocathode and the carbon source switchover obviously changed the microbial community structure of biocathode. Most of the dominant genera were capable of reducing nitroaromatics to the corresponding aromatic amines regardless of the performance mode. Heterotrophic Enterococcus was dominant in the glucose-fed biocathode while autotrophic Paracoccus and Variovorax were dominant in the bicarbonate-fed biocathode. Relatively higher intensity of diverse multi-heme cytochrome c (putatively involved in electrons transfer) and carbon fixation genes was observed in the biocarbonate-fed biocathode, likely met the requirement of the energy conservation and maintained the nitrobenzene selective reduction capability after carbon source switchover. Extracellular pilin, which are important for biofilm formation and potential conductivity, had a higher gene abundance in the glucose-fed biocathode might explain the enhancement of electro-catalysis activity for nitrobenzene reduction with glucose supply. Dominant nitroaromatics-reducing or electrochemically active bacteria and diverse functional genes related to electrons transfer and nitroaromatics reduction were associated with nitrobenzene reduction efficiency of biocathode communities in response to carbon source switchover. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

Research Area(s)

  • Biocathode, Carbon source switchover, Function, Microbial community structure, Nitrobenzene reduction

Bibliographic Note

Publication details (e.g. title, author(s), publication statuses and dates) are captured on an “AS IS” and “AS AVAILABLE” basis at the time of record harvesting from the data source. Suggestions for further amendments or supplementary information can be sent to lbscholars@cityu.edu.hk.

Citation Format(s)

Microbial community structure and function of Nitrobenzene reduction biocathode in response to carbon source switchover. / Liang, Bin; Cheng, Haoyi; Van Nostrand, Joy D. et al.
In: Water Research, Vol. 54, 01.05.2014, p. 137-148.

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review