Micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatographic separation and fluorescent detection of amino acids derivatized with 4-fluoro-7-nitro-2,1,3-benzoxadiazole

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-191
Journal / PublicationJournal of Chromatography A
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 21 Apr 2000


Another method has been developed for the separation of amino acids (1 min derivatization plus 22 min separation) by micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography (MECC) with laser-induced fluorescence detection. Interestingly enough, such work has never been performed on essential amino acids derivatized by 4-fluoro-7-nitro-2,1,3-benzoxadiazole (NBD-F). Fifteen L-amino acid standards were labelled with NBD-F at 60°C for 1 min, and separated in a buffer system containing 20 mM borate, 25 mM sodium cholate, 10 mM Brij 35 and 2.5% methanol. Methanol was employed to expand the MECC migration time window; whereas Brij 35 was used to improve the fluorescence intensity of amino acid derivatives. This method also indicates that bile salt is effective for MECC separation of ionic analytes. Surprising though, improvements in resolution, sensitivity and speed for amino acids analysis are obtained in this work, which are not initially apparent in just employing another derivatizing reagent. Under optimal conditions, 15 amino acids were separated in a short 22 min analysis time, the shortest ever reported, and detection limits of nanomolar concentration and attomole mass were obtained. Furthermore, RSDs of migration time and peak height are better than 1% and 1.8%, respectively, again the smallest ever reported in the literature. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.

Research Area(s)

  • Amino acids, Derivatization, electrophoresis, Fluoronitrobenzoxadiazole

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