Metal functionalization of two-dimensional nanomaterials for electrochemical carbon dioxide reduction

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6456-6475
Journal / PublicationNanoscale
Volume15
Issue number14
Online published13 Mar 2023
Publication statusPublished - 14 Apr 2023

Abstract

With the mechanical exfoliation of graphene in 2004, researchers around the world have devoted significant efforts to the study of two-dimensional (2D) nanomaterials. Nowadays, 2D nanomaterials are being developed into a large family with varieties of structures and derivatives. Due to their fascinating electronic, chemical, and physical properties, 2D nanomaterials are becoming an important type of catalyst for the electrochemical carbon dioxide reduction reaction (CO2RR). Here, we review the recent progress in electrochemical CO2RR using 2D nanomaterial-based catalysts. First, we briefly describe the reaction mechanism of electrochemical CO2 reduction to single-carbon (C1) and multi-carbon (C2+) products. Then, we discuss the strategies and principles for applying metal materials to functionalize 2D nanomaterials, such as graphene-based materials, metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), and transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs), as well as applications of resultant materials in the electrocatalytic CO2RR. Finally, we summarize the present research advances and highlight the current challenges and future opportunities of using metal-functionalized 2D nanomaterials in the electrochemical CO2RR.

Research Area(s)

  • C BOND FORMATION, CO2 REDUCTION, ELECTROCATALYTIC REDUCTION, ENHANCED ACTIVITY, SELECTIVE CONVERSION, MECHANISTIC INSIGHTS, THEORETICAL INSIGHT, ORGANIC FRAMEWORK, FORMIC-ACID, GRAPHENE