Mesoporous SnO2 Nanostructures of Ultrahigh Surface Areas by Novel Anodization

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalNot applicablepeer-review

16 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • Haidong Bian
  • Chris Lee
  • Muk-Fung Yuen

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28862-28871
Journal / PublicationACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume8
Issue number42
Publication statusPublished - 26 Oct 2016

Abstract

Here we report a novel type of hierarchical mesoporous SnO2 nanostructures fabricated by a facile anodization method in a novel electrolyte system (an ethylene glycol solution of H2C2O4/NH4F) followed by thermal annealing at a low temperature. The SnO2 nanostructures thus obtained feature highly porous nanosheets with mesoporous pores well below 10 nm, enabling a remarkably high surface area of 202.8 m2/g which represents one of the highest values reported to date on SnO2 nanostructures. The formation of this novel type of SnO2 nanostructures is ascribed to an interesting self-assembly mechanism of the anodic tin oxalate, which was found to be heavily impacted by the anodization voltage and water content in the electrolyte. The electrochemical measurements of the mesoporous SnO2 nanostructures indicate their promising applications as lithium-ion battery and supercapacitor electrode materials.

Research Area(s)

  • anodization, Li-ion batteries, mesoporous structures, supercapacitors, tin oxalate, tin oxide