Mechanisms of fatigue in LIGA Ni MEMS thin films

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

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Author(s)

  • B. I. Imasogie
  • S. M. Allameh
  • B. Boyce
  • K. Lian
  • J. Lou
  • W. O. Soboyejo

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-50
Journal / PublicationMaterials Science and Engineering A
Volume444
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jan 2007
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

This paper presents the results of an experimental study of the mechanisms of fatigue in LIGA Ni micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) thin films with micro-scale columnar and nano-scale equiaxed grains. Stress-life behavior is reported for films with thicknesses of 70 and 270 μm. The stress-life data are compared with previously reported data for Ni MEMS films and bulk Ni. The films with the nano-scale grains (15 nm average grain size) are shown to have higher strength and fatigue resistance (stress-life data) than those with columnar grain structures. The thicker films (with a columnar microstructure) are also shown to have comparable fatigue life to annealed Ni, while the thinner films (with a columnar microstructure) have comparable fatigue life to wrought Ni. The underlying mechanisms of crack nucleation and growth are elucidated via scanning and transmission electron microscopy. These reveal the formation of slip bands and surface oxides and crystallographic surface/sub-surface crack nucleation and growth in the films with the columnar structures. Surface and corner crack nucleations (from pre-existing defects) are observed in the nanostructured films. The implications of the results are discussed for the analyses of fatigue in nickel MEMS structures. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Research Area(s)

  • Fatigue, LIGA Ni, Mechanisms, MEMS, Thin films

Citation Format(s)

Mechanisms of fatigue in LIGA Ni MEMS thin films. / Yang, Y.; Imasogie, B. I.; Allameh, S. M.; Boyce, B.; Lian, K.; Lou, J.; Soboyejo, W. O.

In: Materials Science and Engineering A, Vol. 444, No. 1-2, 25.01.2007, p. 39-50.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal