Measuring Mutual Help Willingness and Criteria among Hong Kong People : Confirmatory Factor Analyses

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

3 Scopus Citations
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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-130
Journal / PublicationSocial Indicators Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2011


Mutual help has been often found to be beneficial for people's well-being in clinical settings. Research in the general population, however, is relatively limited, partly due to the lack of applicable measurement tools. The present study attempted to develop two scales to measure mutual help willingness and criteria and test their psychometric properties among a community sample of Hong Kong people (n = 951). Confirmatory factor analyses suggested that the hypothetical models fitted the data very well. Results also indicated that though the willingness to seek help and to give help was significantly correlated, Hong Kong people were generally more willing to give help than to seek help. Age had a negative effect on help-seeking willingness, which can not be explained by education level. A set of criteria were applied similarly when people decided on help-giving and help-seeking. Agreement with the criteria was negatively correlated with age but the associations became negligible when education level was controlled. Research and practical implications of the findings are discussed. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

Research Area(s)

  • Confirmatory factor analysis, Hong Kong Chinese, Mutual help, Social support, Telephone survey