Martensitic transformation and mechanical behavior of a medium-entropy alloy

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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  • C. Wang
  • K. F. Lin
  • W. H. Liu
  • C. H. Hsueh
  • H. C. Lin


Original languageEnglish
Article number139371
Journal / PublicationMaterials Science and Engineering A
Online published12 Apr 2020
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2020


Diffusionless martensitic transformation (MT) exerts one of the most significant influences on the mechanical properties of alloys. However, the application of martensitic transformation to improve mechanical performance was seldom involved in the manufacture of high-entropy alloys (HEAs) and medium-entropy (MEAs) alloys. In this work, an innovative non-equiatomic MEA, Fe42Co42Cr16, was proposed with incorporation of martensitic transformation during water quenching and plastic deformation. Water quenching for the alloy in the high-temperature single-phase region produced a partial MT; i.e., transformation of γ–FCC austenite phase into an ε-HCP martensite phase, responsible for the coexistence of γ and ε phases in the dual-phase (DP) alloy. Another triple-phase (TP) alloy, including γ–FCC austenite, ε-HCP martensite and B2-BCC precipitates, was obtained by quenching the alloy in γ+B2 phase region. Owing to the low intrinsic stacking fault energy (γ), both DP (γ=10.9 mJ/m2) and TP (γ=12.2 mJ/m2) alloys involved the complete polymorphic MT process during plastic deformation; i.e., the transformation of the γ–FCC austenite phase into the α-BCT martensite phase with an intermediate ε-HCP martensite phase. Due to the transformation-induced plasticity effect and precipitation strengthening, the produced TP alloy exhibited a yield strength above 1 GPa with a total elongation of as high as 25%.

Research Area(s)

  • Martensitic transformation, Mechanical properties, Medium-entropy alloy, Microstructure

Citation Format(s)