Magnetocaloric effect and critical exponent analysis around magnetic phase transition in NdCocompound

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Adil Murtaza
  • Wenliang Zuo
  • Jingwen Mi
  • Yebei Li
  • Awais Ghani
  • Muhammad Yaseen
  • Muhammad Tahir Khan
  • Chunxi Hao
  • Kaili Li
  • Zhiyong Dai
  • Sen Yang

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number345003
Journal / PublicationJournal of Physics D: Applied Physics
Volume53
Issue number34
Online published11 Jun 2020
Publication statusPublished - 19 Aug 2020
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

The magnetic properties and magnetocaloric effect of ferromagnetic NdCo2 compound have been investigated around the magnetic phase transition using magnetic and heat capacity measurements. The thermomagnetic irreversibility between the zero field-cooled and field-cooled magnetization curves is detected below Curie temperature in the low magnetic field, and it is attributed to the domain wall pinning effect. The maximum magnetic entropy change ((ΔSM) of 7.33 Jkg-1K-1 and large relative cooling capacity of 529.96 Jkg-1 was obtained over the wide working temperature range of 78 K under magnetic field change of 5 T. The corresponding maximum adiabatic temperature change (ΔTad) is evaluated to be 3.1 K under a same magnetic field change. Meanwhile, negligible thermal and magnetic hysteresis loss was observed in paramagnetic (PM) to ferromagnetic (FM) transition region. Such a magnetocaloric effect is attributed to a second-order magnetostructural transition from a PM cubic phase to a FM tetragonal phase around the Curie temperature of Tc ≈ 102 K. The observed magnetocaloric performance is comparable or even better than some earlier reported rare-earth based Laves compounds under the same magnetic field change, implying that the NdCo2 is one of the potential refrigerant material working at low temperature. The critical exponent analysis was carried out to understand the nature and underlying mechanism of the PM to FM phase transition. The critical exponents (β, γ) obtained from modified Arrott plots, the Kouvel-Fisher plot, and the critical isotherm are consistent with each other and obey the Widom scaling relation (δ = 1+γ/β). The values of critical exponents suggest that the NdCo2 belongs to the three-dimensional-Ising model with short-range interaction. The present results may give some clues for searching novel materials with excellent magnetocaloric performance for refrigeration technology.

Research Area(s)

  • Critical exponent analysis, Magnetic transition, Magnetocaloric effect, Relative cooling power, Universal scaling

Citation Format(s)

Magnetocaloric effect and critical exponent analysis around magnetic phase transition in NdCocompound. / Murtaza, Adil; Zuo, Wenliang; Mi, Jingwen; Li, Yebei; Ghani, Awais; Yaseen, Muhammad; Tahir Khan, Muhammad; Hao, Chunxi; Li, Kaili; Dai, Zhiyong; Yang, Sen; Ren, Yang.

In: Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, Vol. 53, No. 34, 345003, 19.08.2020.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review