Magnetic Droplet Microfluidics as a Platform for the Concentration of [18F]Fluoride and Radiosynthesis of Sulfonyl [18F]Fluoride

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Somewhere A. Fiel
  • Hua Yang
  • Paul Schaffer
  • Samuel Weng
  • James A. H. Inkster
  • Michael C. K. Wong

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12923-12929
Journal / PublicationACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume7
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - 17 Jun 2015
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

The radioisotope 18F is often considered the best choice for positron emission tomography (PET) owing to its desirable chemical and radiochemical properties. However, nucleophilic 18F-fluorination of large, water-soluble biomolecules, based on C-F bond formation, has traditionally been difficult. Thus, several aqueous fluorination approaches that offer significant versatility in radiopharmaceutical synthesis with sensitive targeting vectors have been developed. Furthermore, because 18F decays rapidly, production of these 18F-labeled compounds requires an automated process to reduce production time, reduce radiation exposure, and minimize losses due to the transfer of reagents during tracer synthesis. Herein, we report the use of magnetic droplet microfluidics (MDM) as a means to concentrate [18F]fluoride from the cyclotron target solution, followed by the synthesis of an 18F-labeled compound on a microfluidic platform. Using this method, we have demonstrated 18F preconcentration in a small-volume droplet through the use of anion exchanging magnetic particles. By using MDM, the preconcentration step took approximately 5 min, and the [18F]fluoride solution was preconcentrated by 15-fold. After the preconcentration step, an 18F-labeling reaction was performed on the MDM platform using the S-F bond formation in aqueous conditions to produce an arylsulfonyl [18F]fluoride compound which can be used as a prosthetic group to label PET targeting ligands. The high radiochemical purity of 95 ± 1% was comparable to the 96% previously reported using a conventional method. In addition, when MDM was used, the total synthesis time was improved to 15 min with lower reagent volumes (50-60 μL) used.

Research Area(s)

  • 18F, arylsulfonyl fluoride, droplet microfluidics, magnetic particles, positron emission tomography (PET), radiotracer

Bibliographic Note

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Citation Format(s)

Magnetic Droplet Microfluidics as a Platform for the Concentration of [18F]Fluoride and Radiosynthesis of Sulfonyl [18F]Fluoride. / Fiel, Somewhere A.; Yang, Hua; Schaffer, Paul; Weng, Samuel; Inkster, James A. H.; Wong, Michael C. K.; Li, Paul C. H.

In: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, Vol. 7, No. 23, 17.06.2015, p. 12923-12929.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review