Machine learning for early discrimination between transient and persistent acute kidney injury in critically ill patients with sepsis

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Xiao-Qin Luo
  • Ping Yan
  • Ning-Ya Zhang
  • Mei Wang
  • Ying-Hao Deng
  • Ting Wu
  • Xi Wu
  • Qian Liu
  • Hong-Shen Wang
  • Lin Wang
  • Yi-Xin Kang
  • Shao-Bin Duan

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Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number20269
Journal / PublicationScientific Reports
Volume11
Online published12 Oct 2021
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Link(s)

Abstract

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is commonly present in critically ill patients with sepsis. Early prediction of short-term reversibility of AKI is beneficial to risk stratification and clinical treatment decision. The study sought to use machine learning methods to discriminate between transient and persistent sepsis-associated AKI. Septic patients who developed AKI within the first 48 h after ICU admission were identified from the Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care III database. AKI was classified as transient or persistent according to the Acute Disease Quality Initiative workgroup consensus. Five prediction models using logistic regression, random forest, support vector machine, artificial neural network and extreme gradient boosting were constructed, and their performance was evaluated by out-of-sample testing. A simplified risk prediction model was also derived based on logistic regression and features selected by machine learning algorithms. A total of 5984 septic patients with AKI were included, 3805 (63.6%) of whom developed persistent AKI. The artificial neural network and logistic regression models achieved the highest area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) among the five machine learning models (0.76, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.74–0.78). The simplified 14-variable model showed adequate discrimination, with the AUC being 0.76 (95% CI 0.73–0.78). At the optimal cutoff of 0.63, the sensitivity and specificity of the simplified model were 63% and 76% respectively. In conclusion, a machine learning-based simplified prediction model including routine clinical variables could be used to differentiate between transient and persistent AKI in critically ill septic patients. An easy-to-use risk calculator can promote its widespread application in daily clinical practice.

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Citation Format(s)

Machine learning for early discrimination between transient and persistent acute kidney injury in critically ill patients with sepsis. / Luo, Xiao-Qin; Yan, Ping; Zhang, Ning-Ya et al.

In: Scientific Reports, Vol. 11, 20269, 2021.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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