Low-temperature nitriding of 38CrMoAl steel with a nanostructured surface layer induced by surface mechanical attrition treatment

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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  • W. P. Tong
  • Z. Han
  • L. M. Wang
  • J. Lu
  • K. Lu


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4957-4963
Journal / PublicationSurface and Coatings Technology
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2008
Externally publishedYes


A nanocrystalline surface layer was fabricated on a 38CrMoAl steel plate by means of a surface mechanical attrition treatment (SMAT). The average grain size in the top surface layer (10 μm thick) is about 10 nm, and the grain size stability can be maintained up to 450 °C. The effect of the surface nanocrystalline layer on the gas nitriding process at a lower temperature was investigated by using structural analysis and wear property measurements. The surface nanocrystallization evidently enhances nitriding kinetics and promotes the formation of an ultrafine polycrystalline compound layer. The results of the investigation showed that this new gas nitriding technique can effectively increase the hardness and wear resistance of the resulting surface layer in comparison with conventional nitriding, demonstrating a significant advancement for materials processing. © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Research Area(s)

  • 38CrMoAl steel, Nanocrystalline materials, Nitriding, Surface mechanical attrition treatment, Wear resistance

Citation Format(s)