Low Mach number limit of multidimensional steady flows on the airfoil problem

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Article number68
Number of pages21
Journal / PublicationCalculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations
Issue number2
Online published7 Mar 2020
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2020


In this paper, we justify the low Mach number limit of the steady irrotational Euler flows for the airfoil problem, which is the first result for the low Mach number limit of the steady Euler flows in an exterior domain. The uniform estimates on the compressibility parameter ε, which is singular for the flows, are established via a variational approach based on the compressible–incompressible difference functions. The limit is on the Hölder space and is unique. Moreover, the convergence rate is of order ε2. It is noticeable that, due to the feature of the airfoil problem, the extra force dominates the asymptotic decay rate of the compressible flow to the infinity. And the effect of extra force vanishes in the limiting process from compressible flows to the incompressible ones, as the Mach number goes to zero.