Loschmidt amplitude spectrum in dynamical quantum phase transitions

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Article number174307
Journal / PublicationPhysical Review B
Issue number17
Online published26 May 2022
Publication statusPublished - May 2022



Dynamical quantum phase transitions (DQPTs) are criticalities in the time evolution of quantum systems and their existence has been theoretically predicted and experimentally observed. However, how the system behaves in the vicinity of DQPT and its connection to physical observables remains an open question. In this work, we introduce the concept of the Loschmidt amplitude spectrum (LAS), which extends the Loscmidt amplitude - the detector of the transition - by considering the overlap of the initial state to all the eigenstates of the prequench Hamiltonian. By analyzing the LAS in the integrable transverse-field Ising model, we find that the system undergoes a population redistribution in the momentum space across DQPT. In the quasiparticle picture, collective excitations around lower-half k modes become dominant when the system approaches DQPT. The LAS is also applicable to study the dynamics of nonintegrable models where we have investigated the Ising model with next-nearest-neighbor interactions as an example. The time evolution of the system's magnetization is found to be connected to the products of the LAS and there exists a simultaneous overlap of the time-evolved state to pairs of eigenstates of the prequnech Hamiltonian that possess spin configurations of negative magnetization. Our findings provide a better understanding of the characteristics of the out-of-equilibrium system around DQPT.

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