Long-range monosynaptic inputs targeting apical and basal dendrites of primary motor cortex deep output neurons

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

5 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3975-3989
Journal / PublicationCerebral Cortex
Volume32
Issue number18
Online published15 Dec 2021
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sept 2022
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

The primary motor cortex (M1) integrates various long-range signals from other brain regions for the learning and execution of goal-directed movements. How the different inputs target the distinct apical and basal dendrites of M1 pyramidal neurons is crucial in understanding the functions of M1, but the detailed connectivity pattern is still largely unknown. Here, by combining cre-dependent rabies virus tracing, layer-specific chemical retrograde tracing, optogenetic stimulation, and electrophysiological recording, we mapped all long-range monosynaptic inputs to M1 deep output neurons in layer 5 (L5) in mice. We revealed that most upstream areas innervate both dendritic compartments concurrently. These include the sensory cortices, higher motor cortices, sensory and motor thalamus, association cortices, as well as many subcortical nuclei. Furthermore, the dichotomous inputs arise mostly from spatially segregated neuronal subpopulations within an upstream nucleus, and even in the case of an individual cortical layer. Therefore, these input areas could serve as both feedforward and feedback sources albeit via different subpopulations. Taken together, our findings revealed a previously unknown and highly intricate synaptic input pattern of M1L5 neurons, which implicates that the dendritic computations carried out by these neurons during motor execution or learning are far more complicated than we currently understand. © 2021 The Author(s). Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.

Research Area(s)

  • apical dendrites, basal dendrites, L5 pyramidal neurons, primary motor cortex, retrograde tracing

Citation Format(s)

Long-range monosynaptic inputs targeting apical and basal dendrites of primary motor cortex deep output neurons. / Geng, Hong-Yan; Arbuthnott, Gordon; Yung, Wing-Ho et al.
In: Cerebral Cortex, Vol. 32, No. 18, 15.09.2022, p. 3975-3989.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review