Long-latency neurons in auditory cortex involved in temporal integration : Theoretical analysis of experimental data

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

14 Scopus Citations
View graph of relations

Author(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)147-160
Journal / PublicationHearing Research
Volume121
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1998
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

A previous experimental study (He et al., 1997) found 132 duration- selective neurons with long latencies of greater than 30 ms in the dorsal zone of cat auditory cortex. The mechanism by which such long-latency neurons integrate information during their latent period is investigated by analysis of the temporal relationship between the stimulus and neuronal response. In the present study, we developed a one-layer perceptron to examine the above temporal relationship of the experimental results. The acoustic stimulus was represented as a contiguous series of sequential short time epochs. The perceptron was trained by using the spike data as the desired outputs and the acoustic stimuli (in digital format) as the inputs. The adaptive weights between the outputs and the inputs after training indicated the temporal relationship between neuronal responses and the stimuli. The contribution of each time epoch of the stimulus could be either positive or negative: the positive contribution corresponds to excitatory input and the negative contribution to inhibitory input. Long-duration-selective neurons were found to receive mainly excitatory input along the entire effective stimulus duration. However, duration-tuned neurons received excitatory input for only the time period from the stimulus onset to their best durations, and inhibitory thereafter. The temporal integration pattern of short-duration- selective neurons was similar to duration-tuned neurons. However, short- duration-selective neurons received excitatory input only at the beginning of the stimulus. Each of the duration-threshold neurons integrated auditory information only for a restricted time period of the stimulus, suggesting that they have a time window over the stimulus time domain. Non-duration- threshold neurons have time windows extending from the stimulus onset onward. The assembly of duration-threshold neurons and non-duration-threshold neurons may collectively represent the time axis of the stimulus.

Research Area(s)

  • Auditory model, Dorsal zone, One-layer perceptron, Temporal integration, Time axis representation, Time window