Longer-term and short-term variability in pollution of fluvial sediments by dioxin-like and endocrine disruptive compounds

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

9 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • P. Macikova
  • T. Kalabova
  • J. Klanova
  • P. Kukucka
  • J. P. Giesy
  • And 1 others
  • K. Hilscherova

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5007-5022
Journal / PublicationEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
Volume21
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2014

Abstract

Changes in pollutant loads in relatively dynamic river sediments, which contain very complex mixtures of compounds, can play a crucial role in the fate and effects of pollutants in fluvial ecosystems. The contamination of sediments by bioactive substances can be sensitively assessed by in vitro bioassays. This is the first study that characterizes detailed short- and long-term changes in concentrations of contaminants with several modes of action in river sediments. One-year long monthly study described seasonal and spatial variability of contamination of sediments in a representative industrialized area by dioxin-like and endocrine disruptive chemicals. There were significant seasonal changes in both antiandrogenic and androgenic as well as dioxin-like potential of river sediments, while there were no general seasonal trends in estrogenicity. Aryl hydrocarbon receptor-dependent potency (dioxin-like potency) expressed as biological TCDD-equivalents (BIOTEQ) was in the range of 0.5-17.7 ng/g, dry mass (dm). The greatest BIOTEQ levels in sediments were observed during winter, particularly at locations downstream of the industrial area. Estrogenicity expressed as estradiol equivalents (EEQ) was in the range of 0.02-3.8 ng/g, dm. Antiandrogenicity was detected in all samples, while androgenic potency in the range of 0.7-16.8 ng/g, dm dihydrotestosterone equivalents (DHT-EQ) was found in only 30 % of samples, most often during autumn, when antiandrogenicity was the least. PAHs were predominant contaminants among analyzed pollutants, responsible, on average, for 13-21 % of BIOTEQ. Longer-term changes in concentrations of BIOTEQ corresponded to seasonal fluctuations, whereas for EEQ, the inter-annual changes at some locations were greater than seasonal variability during 1 year. The inter- as well as intra-annual variability in concentrations of both BIOTEQ and EEQ at individual sites was greater in spring than in autumn which was related to hydrological conditions in the river. This study stresses the importance of river hydrology and its seasonal variations in the design of effective sampling campaigns, as well as in the interpretation of any monitoring results. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Research Area(s)

  • Antiandrogenicity, Dioxin-like potency, Estrogenicity, Monitoring, Seasonality, Sediments

Citation Format(s)

Longer-term and short-term variability in pollution of fluvial sediments by dioxin-like and endocrine disruptive compounds. / Macikova, P.; Kalabova, T.; Klanova, J.; Kukucka, P.; Giesy, J. P.; Hilscherova, K.

In: Environmental Science and Pollution Research, Vol. 21, No. 7, 04.2014, p. 5007-5022.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review