Local Ordering Tendency in Body-Centered Cubic (BCC) Multi-Principal Element Alloys

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)578–591
Journal / PublicationJournal of Phase Equilibria and Diffusion
Issue number5
Online published31 Mar 2021
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021


The recent development of high-entropy alloys (HEAs) has opened a new avenue for alloy design by incorporating multiple principal elements into a simple crystal lattice. In HEAs, short-range chemical ordering may arise due to the different mixing properties of various constituent elements. In this work, we explore the trend of elemental arrangement in five typical body-centered cubic (BCC) multi-principal element alloys (MPEAs), including CrFeV, HfNbZr, TaVW, NbTaV, and TaTiV. Combining the Monte Carlo method and density-functional theory calculations, we calculated the evolution of short-range order (SRO) parameters in these alloys at 500 K. Our results demonstrated that all these MPEAs might develop a certain degree of SRO, depending on the mixing properties of different element pairs. Using a modified quasi-chemical model, we show that the SRO values in these MPEAs can be accurately predicted as long as the mixing enthalpy values between different atomic pairs are known. The presence of SRO has a profound impact on the local structure of MPEAs, which further alters the electronic and elastic properties of MPEAs. Our results provide a theoretical understanding of the basic alloy structure of novel MPEAs, which is an essential step toward tailoring their properties.

Research Area(s)

  • First principles model, Medium entropy alloys, Phase equilibria, Short range order