Live Poultry Trade in Southern China Provinces and HPAIV H5N1 Infection in Humans and Poultry : The Role of Chinese New Year Festivities

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

28 Scopus Citations
View graph of relations

Author(s)

  • Ricardo J. Soares Magalhães
  • Xiaoyan Zhou
  • Beibei Jia
  • Fusheng Guo
  • Vincent Martin

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere49712
Journal / PublicationPLoS ONE
Volume7
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 16 Nov 2012
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

Background: The number of outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus of the H5N1 subtype (HPAIV H5N1) over the past 5 years has been drastically reduced in China but sporadic infections in poultry and humans are still occurring. In this study, we aimed to investigate seasonal patterns in the association between the movement of live poultry originating from southern China and HPAIV H5N1 infection history in humans and poultry in China. Methodology/Principal Findings: During January to April 2010, longitudinal questionnaire surveys were carried out monthly in four wholesale live bird markets (LBMs) in Hunan and Guangxi provinces of South China. Using social network analysis, we found an increase in the number of observed links and degree centrality between LBMs and poultry sources in February and March compared to the months of January and April. The association of some live poultry traders (LPT's) with a limited set of counties (within the catchment area of LBMs) in the months of February and March may support HPAIV H5N1 transmission and contribute to perpetuating HPAIV H5N1 virus circulation among certain groups of counties. The connectivity among counties experiencing human infection was significantly higher compared to counties without human infection for the months of January, March and April. Conversely, counties with poultry infections were found to be significantly less connected than counties without poultry infection for the month of February. Conclusions/Significance: Our results show that temporal variation in live poultry trade in Southern China around the Chinese New Year festivities is associated with higher HPAIV H5N1 infection risk in humans and poultry. This study has shown that capturing the dynamic nature of poultry trade networks in Southern China improves our ability to explain the spatiotemporal dissemination in avian influenza viruses in China. © 2012 Soares Magalhães et al.

Citation Format(s)

Live Poultry Trade in Southern China Provinces and HPAIV H5N1 Infection in Humans and Poultry : The Role of Chinese New Year Festivities. / Soares Magalhães, Ricardo J.; Zhou, Xiaoyan; Jia, Beibei; Guo, Fusheng; Pfeiffer, Dirk U.; Martin, Vincent.

In: PLoS ONE, Vol. 7, No. 11, e49712, 16.11.2012.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal