Liquid biofuels from food waste : Current trends, prospect and limitation

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)62_Review of books or of software (or similar publications/items)Not applicablepeer-review

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  • Sanjib Kumar Karmee

Related Research Unit(s)


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)945-953
Journal / PublicationRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Early online date10 Nov 2015
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2016


Depletion of fossil fuels, environmental damage due to pollution and energy security have intensified research on alternative liquid biofuels. A major portion of municipal solid waste is food waste. Huge quantities of food waste is generated worldwide and currently its disposal is becoming a challenge. Food waste contain carbohydrates, lipids, phosphates, vitamins and amino acids. Carbohydrate, lipid and carbon containing materials present in food waste can be converted to bioethanol, biodiesel and biooil. Lipid extracted from food waste is converted to biodiesel in 95-97% yield. On the other hand, 92-96% bioethanol obtained by fermentation of food waste. Along this line, pyrolysis of food waste can be performed to obtain biooil and biochar. In this paper, technical feasibility, prospects and policies for liquid biofuel preparation from food waste was evaluated. Also, limitations of using food waste as a resource for biofuel production is discussed.

Research Area(s)

  • Biodiesel, Bioethanol, Biooil, Food waste, Sustainable fuel