Lincomycin-induced transcriptional alterations in the green alga raphidocelis subcapitata

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Qiang Zhang
  • Yi Bai
  • Zhi Chen
  • Yulu Tian
  • Jiahua Guo

Related Research Unit(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number8565
Journal / PublicationApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Volume10
Issue number23
Online published30 Nov 2020
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020

Link(s)

Abstract

Lincomycin (LIN), as a waterborne contaminant, may pose a threat to algal health and may affect the provision of ecosystem services. In addition, the molecular mechanisms of lincomycin in algae are still unknown. Here, we attempted to use the transcriptome analysis to elucidate for the first time the potential impact of LIN at an environmentally relevant concentration on the algal growth, and verify the hypothesis that lincomycin can disrupt algal protein synthesis by combining with its subunits of ribosome at high-LIN level. In this study, 7-day growth inhibition tests and RNA-seq sequencing were conducted in Raphidocelis subcapitata (R. subcapitata) in response to a LIN at the concentrations of 0.5 µg L−1 (low), 5 µg L−1 (medium), and 400 µg L−1 (high) treatment groups. A negligible influence on algal growth and merely 21 (21 up-and 0 downregulated) differentially expressed genes (DEGs) was observed at low concentration of LIN, and medium groups showed a 13.4% inhibition and 92 (64 upand 48 downregulated) DEGs, while high-LIN dosing caused 65.4% reduction in algal growth and 2514 (663 up-and 1851 downregulated) DEGs. In 0.5 and 5 µg L−1 groups, LIN upregulated the genes in the process of photosynthesis consisting of photosynthesis-antenna proteins, and porphyrin and chlorophyll metabolism pathways, suggesting that photosynthesis at low LIN exposure was more sensitive than algal growth. Whereas DEGs in the 400 µg L−1 group were mostly enriched in carbohydrate, carbon fixation in photosynthetic organisms, and nucleotide metabolism pathways. Furthermore, genes involved in detoxification processes were nearly downregulated in high-LIN group. In addition, genes encoding the antioxidant enzymes in the peroxisome pathway such as superoxide dismutase (sod2), peroxin-2 (pex2), 2,4-dienoyl-CoA reductase ((3E)-enoyl-CoA-producing) (decr2) were upregulated, which are responsible for deleting extra intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) caused by LIN to protect algal health, suggesting the occurrence of oxidative stress. Taken together, this is the first meticulous study unraveling the molecular mechanism of antibiotics in algae.

Research Area(s)

  • Antioxidant system, Carbon fixation, Detoxification, Growth inhibition, RNA-seq

Citation Format(s)

Lincomycin-induced transcriptional alterations in the green alga raphidocelis subcapitata. / Zhang, Qiang; Bai, Yi; Chen, Zhi; Mo, Jiezhang; Tian, Yulu; Guo, Jiahua.

In: Applied Sciences (Switzerland), Vol. 10, No. 23, 8565, 12.2020.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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