Light-responsive smart nanocarriers for wirelessly controlled photodynamic therapy for prostate cancers

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Bowen Sun
  • Jiayi Liu
  • Han Joon Kim
  • Juwita Norasmara Bte Rahmat
  • Koon Gee Neoh

Related Research Unit(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)553-564
Journal / PublicationActa Biomaterialia
Volume171
Online published20 Sept 2023
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2023

Abstract

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is an effective non-invasive or minimally invasive treatment method against different tumors. Loading photosensitizers in nanocarriers can potentially increase their accumulation in tumor sites. However, the PDT efficacy may be hindered because of self-quenching of the encapsulated photosensitizer and the small diffusion radii of the generated reactive oxygen species (ROS). Herein, light responsive nano assemblies composed of (Polyethylene glycol)-block-poly(4,5-dimethoxy-2-nitrobenzylmethacrylate) (PEG-b-PNBMA) were designed and loaded with the photosensitizer, Rose Bengal lactone (RB), to act as a smart nanocarrier (RB-M) for the delivery of the photosensitizer. A wirelessly activated light-emitting diode (LED) implant was designed to programmatically induce the release of the loaded RB first, followed by activating PDT after diffusion of RB into the cytoplasm. The results showed that sequential '405-580 nm' irradiation of the RB-M treated 22RV1 cells resulted in the highest PDT outcome among different irradiation protocols. The combination of this smart nanocarrier and sequential '405-580 nm' irradiation strategy exhibited good PDT efficacy against 2D 22RV1 prostate cancer cells as well as 3D cancer cell spheroids. This platform overcomes the light penetration limitations in PDT, and can potentially be applied in cancer bearing patients who are unfit for chemotherapy. Statement of significance: Nanocarriers for the delivery of photosensitizer in photodynamic therapy may result in relatively low therapeutic efficacy because of self-quenching of the encapsulated photosensitizer and the small diffusion radii of the generated reactive oxygen species (ROS). Light responsive smart nanocarriers can potentially overcome this challenge. In this study, a light responsive polymer (Polyethylene glycol)-block-poly(4,5-dimethoxy-2-nitrobenzylmethacrylate) (PEG-b-PNBMA) was synthesized and utilized to fabricate the smart nanocarrier. A wirelessly activated light-emitting diode (LED) implant was designed for light delivery in deep tissue. This new approach permits wirelessly and programmatically control of photosensitizer release and PDT activation under deep tissue, thus significantly enhancing PDT efficacy against prostate cancer cells as well as 3D cancer cell spheroids. This design should have a significant impact on controllable PDT under deep tissue. © 2023 Acta Materialia Inc.

Research Area(s)

  • Irradiation program, Light responsive nanocarriers, Photodynamic therapy, Wireless LED implant

Citation Format(s)

Light-responsive smart nanocarriers for wirelessly controlled photodynamic therapy for prostate cancers. / Sun, Bowen; Liu, Jiayi; Kim, Han Joon et al.
In: Acta Biomaterialia, Vol. 171, 11.2023, p. 553-564.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review