Lies in the Eye of the Beholder : Asymmetric Beliefs about One’s Own and Others’ Deceptiveness in Mediated and Face-to-Face Communication

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

21 Scopus Citations
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Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1167-1192
Journal / PublicationCommunication Research
Volume45
Issue number8
Online published27 Feb 2016
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018

Abstract

This article examines how people’s beliefs about deception in text-based media (i.e., email, instant messenger) and face-to-face communication are distorted by two biases: (a) a self-other asymmetry, whereby people believe themselves to be more honest than their peers across communication contexts; and (b) a media intensification effect, whereby the perceived gap between one’s own and others’ deceptiveness is increased in text-based media, whose affordances (e.g., reduced nonverbal cues) are believed to facilitate deception. We argue that these biases stem from a desire for self-enhancement, or for seeing oneself as good, moral, capable, and impervious to negative media influence. Support for these propositions emerged across a college student sample (Study 1) and a national sample of U.S. adults (Study 2). The results offer a theoretical framework for the distortions in people’s beliefs about mediated deception, and have important practical implications.

Research Area(s)

  • deception, beliefs about deception, self-other asymmetry, self-enhancement, media affordances

Citation Format(s)

Lies in the Eye of the Beholder: Asymmetric Beliefs about One’s Own and Others’ Deceptiveness in Mediated and Face-to-Face Communication. / Toma, Catalina L.; Jiang, L. Crystal; Hancock, Jeffrey T.
In: Communication Research, Vol. 45, No. 8, 01.12.2018, p. 1167-1192.

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review