Lattice distortion in a strong and ductile refractory high-entropy alloy

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

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Author(s)

  • Chanho Lee
  • Gian Song
  • Michael C. Gao
  • Rui Feng
  • Peiyong Chen
  • Jamieson Brechtl
  • Yan Chen
  • Ke An
  • Wei Guo
  • Jonathan D. Poplawsky
  • A.T. Samaei
  • Wei Chen
  • Hahn Choo
  • Peter K. Liaw

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)158-172
Journal / PublicationActa Materialia
Volume160
Online published30 Aug 2018
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2018

Abstract

The maximization of the mixing entropy with the optimal range of enthalpy in high-entropy alloys (HEAs) can promote the formation of a stable single solid-solution phase with the absence of competing intermetallic compounds. The resultant effects, such as lattice distortion, can contribute to excellent mechanical properties, which has motivated numerous efforts to develop and design single-phase HEAs. However, challenges still remain, particularly on quantifying the lattice distortion and relating it to materials properties. In this study, we have developed a NbTaTiV refractory HEA with a single body-centered-cubic (BCC) structure using an integrated experimental and theoretical approach. The theoretical efforts include thermodynamic modeling, i.e., CALculation of PHAse Diagram (CALPHAD). The microstructural evolutions have been investigated by systematic heat-treatment processes. The typical dendrite microstructure was observed, which is caused by the elemental segregation during the solidification in the as-cast condition. The structural inhomogeneity and chemical segregation were completely eliminated by the proper homogenization treatment at 1200 °C for 3 days. The homogeneous elemental distribution was quantitatively verified by the Atom Probe Tomography (APT) technique. Importantly, results indicate that this HEA exhibits the high yield strength and ductility at both room and high temperatures (up to 900 °C). Furthermore, the effects of the high mixing entropy on the mechanical properties are discussed and quantified in terms of lattice distortions and interatomic interactions of the NbTaTiV HEA via first-principles calculations. It is found that the local severe lattice distortions are induced, due to the atomic interactions and atomic-size mismatch in the homogenization-treated NbTaTiV refractory HEA.

Research Area(s)

  • First-principles calculation, High-entropy alloy, In-situ neutron diffraction, Lattice distortion

Citation Format(s)

Lattice distortion in a strong and ductile refractory high-entropy alloy. / Lee, Chanho; Song, Gian; Gao, Michael C.; Feng, Rui; Chen, Peiyong; Brechtl, Jamieson; Chen, Yan; An, Ke; Guo, Wei; Poplawsky, Jonathan D.; Li, Song; Samaei, A.T.; Chen, Wei; Hu, Alice; Choo, Hahn; Liaw, Peter K.

In: Acta Materialia, Vol. 160, 11.2018, p. 158-172.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal