Large-eddy simulation of thermal fatigue in a mixing tee

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-108
Journal / PublicationInternational Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2012
Externally publishedYes


Temperature fluctuations occur due to thermal mixing of hot and cold streams in the T-junctions of the piping system in nuclear power plants, which may cause thermal fatigue of piping system. In this paper, three-dimensional, unsteady numerical simulations of coolant temperature fluctuations at a mixing T-junction of equal diameter pipes were performed using the large eddy simulation (LES) turbulent model. The experiments used in this paper to benchmark the simulations were performed by Hitachi Ltd. The calculated normalized mean temperatures and fluctuating temperatures are in good agreement with the measurements. The influence of the time-step ranging from 100. Hz to 1000. Hz on the numerical simulation results was explored. The simulation results indicate that all the results with different frequencies agree well with the experimental data. Finally, the attenuation of fluctuation of fluid temperature was also investigated. It is found that, drastic fluctuation occurs within the range of less than L/. D=. 4.0; the fluctuation of fluid temperature does not always attenuate from the pipe center to the wall due to the continuous generation of vortexes. At the top wall, the position of L/. D=. 1.5 has a minimum normalized mean temperature and a peak value of root-mean square temperature, whereas at the bottom wall, the position having the same characteristics is L/. D=. 2.0. © 2012 Elsevier Inc.

Research Area(s)

  • Attenuation of fluctuation, Influence of the time-step, Large-eddy simulation, Thermal fatigue