Lagrangian modeling of inactivation of airborne microorganisms by in-duct ultraviolet lamps

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Article number107465
Journal / PublicationBuilding and Environment
Online published21 Nov 2020
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2021


There has been increasing interest in modeling the UV inactivation on airborne microorganisms via the Lagrangian approach as a result of its outstanding features in calculating UV dose with particle trajectory. In this study, we applied the Lagrangian method to model the disinfection performance of in-duct UV lamps on three bacteria: Pseudomonas alcaligenes, Salmonella enterica and Escherichia coli, respectively. For modeling, the airborne bacteria's inactivation was determined by critical survival fraction probability (CSFP) and maximal bearable UV dose (MBUD) methods, respectively. The results indicated that Lagrangian modeling utilizing the MBUD method needs to appropriately evaluate the maximal UV dose (Dmb), which is bearable for airborne microorganisms. The disinfection efficacy obtained by using the CSFP method agreed well with experimental measurements. Within the Lagrangian framework, the recommended empirical value for critical survival fraction (Fsc) was 0.4 for modeling the disinfection efficacy of in-duct UV lamps. Besides, the disinfection efficacies of in-duct UV lamps with full luminous length on P. alcaligenes and E. coli were 100% with Re within the range of 4.11 × 104 to 8.22 × 104. Moreover, the present numerical model was also applied for further validation with inactivation measurements of in-duct UV lamps performed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Based on the results, the UV disinfection efficacies obtained by the present modeling method had a closed agreement with EPA experimental results. It deserved to pay more investigations on the optimal value of Fsc in further for accurately applying Lagrangian modeling on air UV disinfection.

Research Area(s)

  • CFD, Disinfection efficacy, In-duct UVGI, Irradiance, Lagrangian modeling, Ultraviolet germicidal