Kinetics of Thermal, Passive Oxidation of Nicalon Fibers

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

36 Scopus Citations
View graph of relations

Author(s)

  • Yuntian T. Zhu
  • Seth T. Taylor
  • Michael G. Stout
  • Darryl P. Butt
  • Terry C. Lowe

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)655-660
Journal / PublicationJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Volume81
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1998
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

The oxidation of Nicalon™ fibers is a concern, because of its potential as a reinforcement of high-temperature composites, whose service conditions involve high-temperature, oxidizing environments. Two limiting types of oxidation mechanisms are often used to describe the kinetics: chemical-reaction-controlled oxidation, at small oxide thicknesses, and diffusion-controlled oxidation, at large oxide thicknesses. Neither mechanism can satisfactorily describe the intermediate region where the oxidation kinetics are controlled jointly by both the chemical reaction rate at the interface and the diffusion of oxygen through the oxide layer. To describe the entire oxidation process with a general relationship, one must consider all stages of the oxidation process, namely (i) adsorption of oxygen at the outer surface of the oxide, (ii) diffusion of oxygen from the outer surface toward the interface where oxidation occurs, and (iii) reaction at the interface to form a new layer of oxide. Previously, a very useful general relationship was derived for the oxidation kinetics for a flat plate, which could account for all three stages of oxidation. However, that equation is inadequate to describe the oxidation of cylindrical fibers, because the effective area for oxygen diffusion changes along the diffusion path and the oxidation interfacial area decreases as the oxide thickness increases for cylindrical fibers. In this paper, we have derived a general kinetic relationship for the oxidation of cylindrical fibers, which can account for all stages of oxidation. Comparison of the theory with experimental data of Nicalon™ fibers shows good agreement.

Citation Format(s)

Kinetics of Thermal, Passive Oxidation of Nicalon Fibers. / Zhu, Yuntian T.; Taylor, Seth T.; Stout, Michael G.; Butt, Darryl P.; Lowe, Terry C.

In: Journal of the American Ceramic Society, Vol. 81, No. 3, 03.1998, p. 655-660.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review