Ischemic Preconditioning in White Matter : Magnitude and Mechanism

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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  • Margaret A. Hamner
  • Zucheng Ye
  • Richard V. Lee
  • Jamie R. Colman
  • Thu Le
  • Davin C. Gong
  • Jonathan R. Weinstein


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15599-15611
Journal / PublicationJournal of Neuroscience
Issue number47
Publication statusPublished - 25 Nov 2015
Externally publishedYes



Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) is a robust neuroprotective phenomenon whereby brief ischemic exposure confers tolerance to a subsequent ischemic challenge. IPC has not been studied selectively in CNS white matter (WM), although stroke frequently involves WM. We determined whether IPC is present in WM and, if so, its mechanism. We delivered a brief in vivo preconditioning ischemic insult (unilateral common carotid artery ligation) to 12-to 14-week-old mice and determined WM ischemic vulnerability [oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD)] 72 h later, using acutely isolated optic nerves (CNS WM tracts) from the preconditioned (ipsilateral) and control (contralateral) hemispheres. Functional and structural recovery was assessed by quantitative measurement of compound action potentials (CAPs) and immunofluorescent microscopy. Preconditioned mouse optic nerves (MONs) showed better functional recovery after OGD than the non-preconditioned MONs (31 ± 3 vs 17 ± 3% normalized CAP area, p < 0.01). Preconditioned MONs also showed improved axon integrity and reduced oligodendrocyte injury compared with non-preconditioned MONs. Toll-like receptor-4 (TLR4) and type 1 interferon receptor (IFNAR1), key receptors in innate immune response, are implicated in gray matter preconditioning. Strikingly, IPC-mediated WM protection was abolished in both TLR4-/-and IFNAR1-/-mice. In addition, IPC-mediated protection in WM was also abolished in IFNAR1fl/fl LysMcre, but not in IFNAR1fl/f lcontrol, mice. These findings demonstrated for the first time that IPC was robust in WM, the phenomenon being intrinsic to WM itself. Furthermore, WM IPC was dependent on innate immune cell signaling pathways. Finally, these data demonstrated that microglial-specific expression of IFNAR1 plays an indispensable role in WM IPC.

Research Area(s)

  • Interferon, Ischemic preconditioning, Microglia, Toll-like receptor-4, White matter

Citation Format(s)

Ischemic Preconditioning in White Matter : Magnitude and Mechanism. / Hamner, Margaret A.; Ye, Zucheng; Lee, Richard V.; Colman, Jamie R.; Le, Thu; Gong, Davin C.; Ransom, Bruce R.; Weinstein, Jonathan R.

In: Journal of Neuroscience, Vol. 35, No. 47, 25.11.2015, p. 15599-15611.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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