Invoking protective conditions to terminate public mergers and acquisitions transactions

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)64-90
Journal / PublicationJournal of Business Law
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes


Bidder protective conditions (such as material adverse change clauses) are used by bidders in takeover offers of publicly listed targets, allowing them to withdraw their offers costlessly when events specified in such conditions occur. This article examines the scope and efficacy of protective conditions in UK, under the City Code on Takeovers and Mergers and case law, and compares with the regulatory positions in US and Australia. It analyses whether UK should uphold its current regulatory approach towards protective conditions, in the light of recent events.

Research Area(s)

  • Acquisitions, Australia, Comparative law, Material adverse change clauses, Mergers, Takeovers, United States