Investigation on air-voids structure and compressive strength of concrete at low atmospheric pressure

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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  • Xiao-hui Zeng
  • Xu-li Lan
  • Hua-sheng Zhu
  • Guang-cheng Long
  • You-jun Xie

Related Research Unit(s)


Original languageEnglish
Article number104139
Journal / PublicationCement and Concrete Composites
Online published17 Jun 2021
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2021


This study has investigated the characteristics of air-voids structure and compressive strength of air-entrained concrete at normal atmospheric pressure (P = 1 atm) area and low atmospheric pressure (0.7 P = 0.7 atm) area. The hardened air-voids structure analyzer and the scanning electron microscope (SEM) were employed to evaluate the structure and the micromorphology of air-voids. Results showed that when specimens were formed and tested at 0.7 P, the fresh and hardened air content were separately 13.8%–41.3% and 20%–53% lower; the spacing factor and the average air-voids diameter were 11.6%–37.4% and 14.6%–30.3% larger respectively; the proportion of air-voids within 400–2500 μm was 7%–21% higher; the air-voids shell was much thinner; and the compressive strength of concrete at 3 days, 7 days and 28 days under 0.7 P were respectively 19%–21%, 5%–24% and 14%–19% lower than that at P. It confirmed that when at 0.7 P, the nucleation and the development of air bubbles were harder, the air-voids structure was abnormal, thus the compressive strength of concrete was deteriorated.

Research Area(s)

  • Air-voids structure, Bubble stability, Compressive strength, Low atmospheric pressure