Investigation of time-varying natural frequencies of high-rise buildings under harsh excitations using a high-resolution combined scheme

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Article number104859
Journal / PublicationJournal of Building Engineering
Online published29 Jun 2022
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2022


High-rise buildings subjected to harsh excitations like typhoons or earthquakes usually present nonlinear features and exhibit time-varying behavior of structural modal properties. Under such circumstances, variation in structural natural frequencies can serve as a critical indicator for structural condition assessment. However, limited by noises contained in measurement records and time-frequency resolution of signal analysis, most instantaneous frequency identification methods are difficult to provide accurate estimation of time-varying natural frequencies of high-rise buildings. To address this issue, a combined scheme based on the variational mode decomposition method and adaptive superlets transform (VMD-ASLT) for time-varying natural frequency identification is presented in this paper. Through numerical simulation studies and field measurements of dynamic responses of a 508 m high skyscraper, the noise robustness and accuracy of the combined scheme for time-varying structural natural frequency estimation are validated. Moreover, the combined scheme is further utilized to investigate the time-varying features of natural frequencies of the skyscraper under typhoon and earthquake excitations. This paper aims to provide an effective tool for time-varying structural natural frequency estimation and further reveal the variation of the dynamical behavior of high-rise buildings under harsh excitations.

Research Area(s)

  • Field measurements, High resolution, High-rise building, Modal identification, Time-frequency representation, Time-varying natural frequency