Investigation of thermal breakage and heat transfer in single, insulated and laminated glazing under fire conditions

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  • Yu Wang
  • Qingsong Wang
  • Jennifer X. Wen
  • Jinhua Sun
  • K.M. Liew


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)662-672
Journal / PublicationApplied Thermal Engineering
Online published6 Jul 2017
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2017


To make constructions more artistic, various new kinds of glazing are increasingly employed in building envelopes. However, when subjected to a fire, these glass façades may easily break and fall out, significantly accelerating the development of enclosure fire. Thus, it is necessary to investigate and compare their different fire performance and breakage mechanisms. In this work, a total of ten tests, including single coated, insulated and laminated glazing, were heated by a 500 × 500 mm2 pool fire. Breakage time, glass surface and air temperature, incident heat flux and crack initiation and propagation were obtained. The critical conditions of three different kinds of glazing were determined. It was established that the insulated and laminated glass can survive longer than the single glass. The air gap and fire side glass pane was found to play a key role for the thermal resistance of ambient side pane in the insulated glazing. Although both panes of the laminated glazing broke, it could be held together by the layer of gel, effectively avoiding the formation of a new vent. Numerical simulations were performed to investigate the heat transfer process through the glazing panels and the temperatures in the glazing were predicted well. Suggestions for glass fire resistance design are proposed.

Research Area(s)

  • Double glazing, Finite element method, Glass thermal breakage, Heat transfer, Single glazing