Investigation of surface nanocrystallization of a low carbon steel induced by ultrasonic shot peening

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

39 Scopus Citations
View graph of relations



Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)300-303
Journal / PublicationJinshu Xuebao/Acta Metallurgica Sinica
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 18 Mar 2000
Externally publishedYes


A nanocrystalline surface layer was fabricated on a 20 steel plate by using an ultrasonic shot peening (USSP) technique. The USSP induced surface nanocrystallization products were characterized by means of XRD and TEM. Experimental evidences showed that after the USSP treatment for a short period of time, the initial coarse-grained structure in the top surface layer was refined into ultrafine grains. The mean grain size in the surface layer is about 10 nm and the mean microstrain about 0.02%-0.04%. The thickness of the nanocrystalline surface layer is about 10 μm, which is dependent on the treatment duration. It was also found that the metastable phase Fe3C in the surface layer decomposes into nanometer-sized graphite and α-Fe phases after the USSP treatment.

Research Area(s)

  • Low carbon steel, Microstructure, Nanocrystalline material, Surface nanocrystallization