Investigation of surface defects and parameter optimization of chromium oxide films in a mid-frequency dual-magnetron sputtering

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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  • Xiang Yu
  • Xi Yang
  • Cheng-biao Wang
  • Meng Hua
  • Zhi-qiang Fu


Original languageEnglish
Journal / PublicationSurface and Coatings Technology
Issue numberSUPPL.1
Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2013


Aiming at identifying the mechanisms to cause macro-particles and caves on coating surface, and optimizing the process parameters, a series of chromium oxide films were deposited using a reactive mid-frequency dual-magnetron sputtering system. Orthogonal design and variance analysis were then used to optimize the process parameters and to reveal the influences of the target currents, the gas pressures, and the substrate bias voltages on the densities of the surface defects. Results show that: (i) the target current is the most influential factor to the defect density; (ii) the effects of the pressures and the substrate bias voltages tend to decrease recursively; and (iii) the buffer layer of Cr with thickness of ~200nm facilitates to optimize the Cr/CrxOy multilayered films with superior combined properties, and the film can be coated with the setting conditions of target current at 16A, gas pressure at 0.31Pa, and bias voltages in a range of -120--240V. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.

Research Area(s)

  • Arcing, Chromium oxide film, Reactive pulsed sputtering, Surface defect

Citation Format(s)