Investigating the Temporal and Spatial Dynamics of Human Development Index : A Comparative Study on Countries and Regions in the Eastern Hemisphere from the Perspective of Evolution

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Hanwei Liang
  • Na Li
  • Ji Han
  • Xin Bian
  • Huaixia Xia

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number2415
Journal / PublicationRemote Sensing
Volume13
Issue number12
Online published20 Jun 2021
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021

Link(s)

Abstract

The Human Development Index (HDI) is a prevailing indicator to present the status and trend of sustainability of nations, hereby offers a valuable measurement on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Revealing the dynamics of the HDI of the Eastern Hemisphere countries is vital for measurement and evaluation of the human development process and revealing the spatial disparities and evolutionary characteristics of human development. However, the statistical data-based HDI, which is currently widely applied, has defects in terms of data availability and inconsistent statistical caliber. To tackle such an existing gap, we applied nighttime lights (NTL) data to reconstruct new HDI indicators named HDINTL and quantify the HDINTL at multispatial scales of Eastern Hemisphere countries during 1992-2013. Results showed that South Central Asia countries had the smallest discrepancies in HDINTL, while the largest was found in North Africa. The national-level HDINTL values in the Eastern Hemisphere ranged between 0.138 and 0.947 during 1992-2013. At the subnational scale, the distribution pattern of HDINTL was spatially clustered based on the results of spatial autocorrelation analysis. The evolutionary trajectory of subnational level HDINTL exhibited a decreasing and then increasing trend along the northwest to the southeast direction of Eastern Hemisphere. At the pixel scale, 93.52% of the grids showed an increasing trend in HDINTL, especially in the urban agglomerations of China and India. These results are essential for the ever-improvement of policy making to reduce HDI's regional disparity and promote the continuous development of humankind's living qualities. This study offers an improved HDI accounting method. It expects to extend the channel of HDI application, e.g., potential integration with environmental, physical, and socioeconomic data where the NTL data could present as well.

Research Area(s)

  • human development index, nighttime lights, Eastern Hemisphere, spatial disparity, evolutionary trajectory, NIGHTTIME LIGHT DATA, GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT, USE STEEL STOCK, ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION, CHINA, POPULATION, BUILDINGS, IMPROVE, SCALES, GROWTH

Citation Format(s)

Investigating the Temporal and Spatial Dynamics of Human Development Index : A Comparative Study on Countries and Regions in the Eastern Hemisphere from the Perspective of Evolution. / Liang, Hanwei; Li, Na; Han, Ji; Bian, Xin; Xia, Huaixia; Dong, Liang.

In: Remote Sensing, Vol. 13, No. 12, 2415, 06.2021.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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