Influence of Heat Treatment on the Properties of Shape Memory Fibers. I. Crystallinity, Hydrogen Bonding, and Shape Memory Effect

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2616-2623
Journal / PublicationJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Issue number4
Online published9 May 2008
Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2008
Externally publishedYes


Shape memory fibers (SMFs) were prepared via melt spinning. The fibers underwent different heat treatments to eliminate internal stress and structure deficiency caused during melt spinning. The influences of heat treatments on the SMF crystallinity, molecular orientation, hydrogen bonding, and shape memory behavior were studied. It was found with increasing heat-treatment temperature, the soft segment crystallinity, crystallite dimension, and microphase separation increased, and the hydrogen bonding in the hard segment phase increased. Low temperature heat treatments decreased the shape recovery ratios while increasing the shape fixity ratios as a result of internal stress releasing and molecules disorientation. High temperature heat treatments increased the hard segment stability. Increasing heat-treatment temperature resulted in the improvement of both the shape recovery and fixity, because it promoted the phase separation. The results from DSC, DMA, XRD, and FTIR were used to illustrate the mechanism governing these properties difference. © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Research Area(s)

  • Polyurethanes, Stimuli-sensitive polymers