Intrinsic voltage plateau of a Nb2CTx MXene cathode in an aqueous electrolyte induced by high-voltage scanning

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2993-3005
Journal / PublicationJoule
Issue number11
Online published11 Oct 2021
Publication statusPublished - 17 Nov 2021


Although MXene has been widely used in many energy storage systems, the absence of a high intrinsic voltage plateau results in its poor discharging feature. Herein, we report a Nb2CTx MXene cathode with an apparent discharge voltage plateau for high-performance aqueous zinc ion batteries. Triggered by a repeated high-voltage scanning up to 2.4 V, the Nb2CTx cathode gradually displays a stable Zn2+ storage dominated by a battery behavior. A high discharge voltage plateau of 1.55 V is presented, which is distinct from all reported MXene electrodes. Consequently, a record-level energy density among all aqueous MXenes electrodes of 146.7 Wh kg−1 with a 63% contribution from the plateau region is obtained, which is 292% that of the capacitive Nb2CTx electrode. The developed high-voltage scanning strategy is also effective for Ti3C2Tx MXene to achieve a remarkable voltage plateau.

Research Area(s)

  • aqueous Zn battery, high energy density, MXene, voltage plateau

Citation Format(s)