Intracellular pathways and nuclear localization signal peptide-mediated gene transfection by cationic polymeric nanovectors

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

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Author(s)

  • Qinglian Hu
  • Jinlei Wang
  • Jie Shen
  • Min Liu
  • Xue Jin
  • Guping Tang

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1135-1145
Journal / PublicationBiomaterials
Volume33
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2012

Abstract

Polyethylenimine (PEI) - based polymers are promising cationic nanovectors. A good understanding of the mechanism by which cationic polymers/DNA complexes are internalized and delivered to nuclei helps to identify which transport steps may be manipulated in order to improve the transfection efficiency. In this work, cell internalization and trafficking of PEI-CyD (PC) composed of β-cyclodextrin (β-CyD) and polyethylenimine (PEI, Mw 600) are studied. The results show that the PC transfected DNA is internalized by binding membrane-associated proteoglycans. The endocytic pathway of the PC particles is caveolae- and clathrin-dependent with both pathways converging to the lysosome. The intracellular fate of the PC provides visual evidence that it can escape from the lysosome. Lysosomal inhibition with chloroquine has no effect on PC mediated transfection implying that blocking the lysosomal traffic does not improve transfection. To improve the nuclear delivery of PC transfected DNA, nuclear localization signal (NLS) peptides are chosen to conjugate and combine with the PC. Compared to PC/pDNA, PC-NLS/pDNA, and PC/pDNA/NLS can effectively improve gene transfection in dividing and non-dividing cells. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

Research Area(s)

  • Cell internalization, Lysosomal trafficking, Nuclear signal peptide, Polyethylenimine (PEI) - cyclodextrin (CyD)

Citation Format(s)

Intracellular pathways and nuclear localization signal peptide-mediated gene transfection by cationic polymeric nanovectors. / Hu, Qinglian; Wang, Jinlei; Shen, Jie; Liu, Min; Jin, Xue; Tang, Guping; Chu, Paul K.

In: Biomaterials, Vol. 33, No. 4, 02.2012, p. 1135-1145.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal